An inventor personality – Nicola Tesla
“He was a true visionary far ahead of his contemporaries in the field of scientific development” .
• Born on July 10, 1856 in Smiljan, Lika, today a region of Croatia.
• Deceased on January 7th, 1943, aged 86, in the Hotel “New Yorker”, Room 3327 on the 33rd floor.
Father: Milutin Tesla – a Serbian Orthodox Priest
Mother: Djuka Mandic – an inventor of household appliances.
In 1873 Tesla went to the ‘Realschule’, Karlstadt; he then studied at the Polytechnic Institute in Graz, Austria and later at the University of Prague.
He became an electrical engineer with a telephone company in Budapest in 1881.
In 1883 he built a functioning induction motor and sought to interest supporters for his invention, unfortunately no one was interested in promoting his invention, therefore, in 1884 Tesla accepted an offer to move to New York and work for Thomas Edison. Tesla remained in New York for almost 60 years.
Tesla developed polyphase alternating current system used in generators, motors and transformers. During his career he held 40 basic U.S. patents & had registered about 700 globally .
Tesla was a pioneer in many ways. He made numerous discoveries and inventions that are of greatest value until today. He “discovered the rotating magnetic field, a fundamental principle in physics and the basis of nearly all devices that use alternating current” . His induction motor has become globally used in industry and household appliances. Due to his inventions, it is possible to convert electricity to mechanical power. His “greatest achievement is his polyphase alternating current system” , which must be viewed as a most groundbreaking invention.
He developed a coil that has found extensive use in the development of radio, tv and other electronic devices. By 1896 he had developed a basic version of the radio and developed a device to receive radio waves. Yet, it was Guglielmo Marconi who received the Nobel Prize for developing wireless communication, in 1909. However, in 1943, the Supreme Court ruled that Tesla’s contribution made him the inventor of radio technology, and Marconi’s patent was withdrawn.
Tesla furthermore invented “fluorescent light, laser beam, wireless communications, wireless transmission of electrical energy, remote control, robotics, Tesla’s turbines and a vertical take-off aircraft” . He predicted solar energy, sea power, and satellite communication, and clashed with Wilhelm Röntgen on the discovery of x-rays .
Tesla later discovered terrestrial stationary waves; with the discovery of which “he proved that the Earth could be used as a conductor and would be as responsive as a tuning fork to electrical vibrations of a certain frequency” .
He received numerous honorary awards, and apparently turned down a joint Physics Nobel Prize with Thomas Edison in 1915.
 Tesla Memorial Society of New York (n.d.) Tesla Biography NIKOLA TESLA THE GENIUS WHO LIT THE WORLD, Available at: http://www.teslasociety.com/biography.htm (Accessed: November 2015).