Every child can be naughty, defiant and impulsive from time to time, which is perfectly normal. However, some children have extremely difficult and challenging behaviors that are outside the norm for their age. The most common behavior disorder is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Impulsiveness, lack of attention and hyperactivity makes a trio of ADHD.
CAUSES OF ADHD-
Exact causes are still not fully discovered yet. Probable causes can be
1)Neurophysiology – which includes differences in brain anatomy, electrical activity and metabolism.
2)Genetics – some research suggests possible gene mutations may be present.
3)Drugs – the child’s mother having used nicotine(smoking) or cocaine during pregnancy.
4)Lead – chronic exposure to low levels of the metal lead may influence behaviour and brain chemistry
5)Childhood post-traumatic stress disorder – a child with this disorder may have symptoms similar to ADHD, but will need different treatment.
6)Lack of early attachment – if a baby does not bond with their parent or caregiver, or has traumatic experiences related to the attachment, this can contribute to their inattention and hyperactivity.
7) According to Homeopathy, emotional suppression of mother during pregnancy and laction,too is responsible behind behavioral disorders.
8) Few studies supportFluridification and Hypothyroidism are linked with behavior disorders.
TYPES OF ADHD-
1)ADHD predominantly inattentive type( ADHD PI OR ADHD I)
If the child meets the criteria for lack of attention, but not the criteria for hyperactivity-impulsivity, for the past six month.
1)Be easily distracted, miss details.
2)Forget things, and frequently switch from one activity to another.
3)Become bored with a task after only a few minutes, unless doing something they find enjoyable.
4)Have trouble completing or turning in homework assignments, often losing things (e.g., pencils, toys, assignments) needed to complete tasks or activities.
5)Have difficulty processing information as quickly and accurately as others.
6)Struggle to follow instructions.
7)Have trouble understanding details; overlooks details.
8)Daydream, become easily confused, and move slowly.
9)Makes a lot of mistakes when speaking or writing (Cham, Sil); will omit or transpose letters or words; or calls things by the wrong name.
10)Poor handwriting, writes indistinctly.
11) Unwilling to do tasks that need continuing mental effort (such as school work or homework.)
12)Appear not to be listening when spoken to.
13)Not give close attention to details, or make seemingly careless.
Rubrics from Repertory-
2)ADHD PREDOMINANTLY HYPERACTIVE-IMPULSIVE TYPE
If the child meets the criteria for hyperactivity-impulsivity, but not the criteria for lack of attention, in the past six months.
A child with symptoms of impulsivity will often: answer before questions have been completed.
Have difficulty waiting in turn.
Interrupt others (for ex. interrupting conversations or games).
Talking over the top of others.
Inaccurate judgment of distance, due to which ends up colliding with things: accident prone.
A child with symptoms of hyperactivity will often :fidget with their hands or feet or squirm in their seat.
Talk too much.
Capricious children; constantly need change.
Leave their seat in the classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected.
Have difficulty playing or taking part in leisure activities quietly.
Run about or climb excessively in inappropriate situations.
Be ‘on the go’ or act as if ‘driven by a motor.’
3) ADHD COMBINED TYPE
if the child meets the criteria for both lack of attention and hyperactivity-impulsivity for the past six months.
CRITERIA FOR DIAGNOSING ADHD
The above criteria are often used to diagnose the lack of attention part, hyperactivity-impulsiveness of ADHD.
A child should have 6 or more of these symptoms for at least 6 months to a degree that interferes with their everyday life and is inconsistent with the normal developmental level.
Assessment must include a developmental history of the child’s past behaviors. It will also consider any problems with the child’s early attachment to a parent or caregiver, which may contribute to the behavior.
MATERIA MEDICA OF REMEDIES USEFUL IN ADHD-
Tuberculinum children are very often hyperactive. Will desire to go out even when very sick.Energetic children who will not sit in one place ;always want to be occupied in some activity; as soon as one activity is over, they are ready for another but know what they are doing. He may run around all day playing and pestering his parents.
A Tuberculinum child’s tantrum can be very violent, and may include smashing of toys , but it is seldom as violent as that of the Stramonium child, who will deliberately harm any nearby person with his teeth, his nails or an implement. The Tuberculinum child is generally bright intellectually, but he is easily bored at school, and he may make a nuisance of himself by distracting other children in the classroom. He is likely to love playing vigourous games. Daytime-cheerful;night-fearful. Never well after vaccinations or antibiotics.
Respiratory tract allergy chiefly arising out of eating or drinking cold food, frozen food, processed food, or food where coloring agents or emulsifiers are used in excess. History of intrauterine growth retardation.
Restlessness, the great agitation!! The agitation is constant, non-stop, morning till night.
The person is full of energy. In constant motion, as if they need to release some nervous irritation.
They will be in a hurry themselves and they want everybody to do things quick
The parents will complain that the kid cannot sit still and eat a meal,they will get up and they will have to jump and do something, they will have to move. If they are obliged to take a meal, you will see their legs move; something will have to go.
Child is prone to swearing , and is liable to totally ignore orders from his elders to stop his disruptive behavior. Despite this kind of behavior, Hyoscyamus children are often fairly well behaved in the consulting room.
Antisocial attitudes, biting family members and nails, temper tantrums.
Make many mistakes when reading, speaking or writing; misplacing words or using the wrong ones. Urinates and defecates everywhere, then plays with the urine and faeces, and at times licks or swallows them; or plays with dirt, mud, or animal dung.
Hyoscyamus is obsessive. He would only allow his toys to be put away in a certain order, and would throw a tantrum if his wishes were not followed.
Children are usually hyperactive. They cannot keep still for long, and in the consulting room they will roam from one object to another, picking it up, putting it down, and going on to the next. Mentally retarded or congenitally deformed children where the mother was injured, either physically or emotionally, e.g. disappointment in love, fright, grief, marital tortures, reproaches, etc. Other remedies are Bufo, Carc, Hyos, Kali-br, Op, Phos ac.
Child is very active and cheerful, with a tendency to keep jumping,
climbing, and dancing all the time .
Children tend to bite , claw or kick others, pull the hair , stamp their feet (Verat), and strike in anger.
Destructive ; desire to break things and tear clothing and pillow.
Sudden strike to break the clothes, to scratch, to bite, to break the furniture.
5) HOMEOPATHIC DOPAMINE
It is an opiate that is made by the body and is closely connected to adrenaline and noradrenaline. It regulates the experience of pleasure, motivation, reward, attention, happiness and well being. It is produced by the body in a fraction of a second in times of pain and fear. Daredevils, who are always challenging the boundaries between life and death.People who are always afraid that something bad is going to happen.Restlessness, cannot sit still, cannot concentrate.In case of H/O amniocentesis.Imbalance in dopamine causes memory problems.
6) HUMAN PLACENTA
Helps your baby with colic, crying fits, teething and separation anxiety.
Amniotic fluid also known for Heightened senses ,time distortion and breathing issues.
8) UMBILICUS HUMANUS
This remedy is full of broken connections, loss of a place of belonging, longing for reconnection and inclusion.
Physically awkward; clumsy; ungrounded. Feels alone; forsaken; isolated; lacks concentration; detached, yet with heightened senses.
People with ADHD of all ages are more likely to have problems with social skills, such as social interaction and forming and maintaining friendships. They also may drift off during conversations, miss social cues, and have trouble learning social skills. This is true for all subtypes.
Each child has his own peculiar way of expressing the energy pattern; some expresses themselves through their fears, some through their dreams, some through their use of drawings, and so on. There is no fix remedy for individual child; usually we get shades of different remedies in one child!!
Every case is new and every child is unique!
ADHD IS A BEHAVIOURAL DISORDER, NOT AN ILLNESS OR A SIGN OF LOW INTELLIGENCE.
IT CAN NOT BE CURED BUT CAN BE CONTROLLED.
Homoeopathic Recorder, The (_Hom_Rec)
American Homeopath (_Am_Hom)
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About the Author:
MD [HOM] PHD( France)
Stood Ist Merit throughout Maharashtra in 1998.
Prof.Repertory ,P.D.Jain HMC Parbhani.
International speaker and Trainer.
Delivers seminars and webinars in India as well internationally at London, America, UAE, various countries in Europe, South Africa, Mexico, Turkey, Russia, Greece etc.
Has won the “Best Thesis” ‘and First Rank’ in PG HOM London.
Her book HEALTH Vs DISEASE released in America ,available at Amazon kindle.
She is running 2 clinics at Nagpur and a web clinic since 18 yrs.
Speciality- Autism,Infertility,Cancer, Allergic Disorders and Kidney Diseases.
Director of Padmaja Welfare Foundation NGO working for Health Awareness in society.
Received lot of prestigious awards for her Medico Social contribution towards society.
Published many articles in very reputed News Papers and different magazines.
Documentry made on her by Nagpur Doordarshan(TV)in 2010.
Youtube- Dr. Kavita Chandak